VOLUME 2 ISSUE 9
IJATSER Volume 2 – Issue 9, October 2017 Edition
All listed papers are published after full consent of respective author or co-author(s).
For any discussion on research subject or research matter, the reader should directly contact to undersigned authors.
IIJ 9-01: Effect of Using Palm Kernel Shell as a Partial Replacement of with Coarse Aggregate in Pervious Concrete
AUTHORS: Kuldeep Dubey, Prof. Sandeep Gupta, Prof. Raj Kumar Surin
ABSTRACT: Pervious concrete is a concrete mixture prepared from cement, aggregates, water, little or no fines and in some cases admixtures. It is considered because of its ability to reduce storm water runoff and to initiate the filtering of pollutants. Because the hydrologic properties of pervious concrete has been the primary reason for its reappearance in construction, the focus of previous research has been on maximizing the drainage properties of the mix with single-sized aggregates. The porous concrete filled with coarse aggregate which is replaced with palm kernel shell wrapped partially and removing fine aggregate. This research, however, investigates the effects of aggregate properties and gradation on the strength, as well as hydrologic properties of pervious concrete mixtures. The tests applied are workability, compressive testing and flexural testing where we have the results of 7 and 28 days strength. About 36 cubes were prepared for compressive testing and 36 beams were prepared for flexural testing.
Keywords: Pervious Concrete, Palm Kernel Shell, Replacement, Compressive Testing, Flexural Testing, Permeability Test
IIJ 9-02: Review on Using Palm Kernel Shell as a Partial Replacement of with Coarse Aggregate in Pervious Concrete
AUTHORS : Kuldeep Dubey, Prof. Sandeep Gupta, Prof. Raj Kumar Surin
ABSTRACT :Pervious concrete is a concrete mixture prepared from cement, aggregates, water, little or no fines and in some cases admixtures. It is considered because of its ability to reduce storm water runoff and to initiate the filtering of pollutants. Because the hydrologic properties of pervious concrete has been the primary reason for its reappearance in construction, the focus of previous research has been on maximizing the drainage properties of the mix with single-sized aggregates. The porous concrete filled with coarse aggregate which is replaced with palm kernel shell wrapped partially and removing fine aggregate. This research paper will review on the pervious concrete.
Keywords: Pervious Concrete, Palm Kernel Shell, Partial Replacement, Porous
IIJ 9-03: Cost Reduce in Construction by Using Cut & Cover Method in Sub-Way Engineering
AUTHORS : Rahul sharma, Prof. Kapil Soni
ABSTRACT: Nearly one-third of the level crossings in the area covered by western Central Railway (WCR) are altered and efforts are on to make certain that the altered crossings are replaced with limited height subways (LHS) or introduce road diversions. This year, the WCR is planning to construct 25 LHS in its limits Every year, nearly 15 persons lose their lives in accidents while crossing these altered crossings and in almost all the cases, these accidents happen as those crossing the railway tracks do not monitor the mandatory safety measures, railway authorities say. According to a spokesman of the WCR, there are 130 level crossings in WCR area and of these, 0 are altered level crossings. The WCR’s safety action plan envisages converting all the manned level crossings by 2016 into either manned crossings or into LHS. So far, 30 such level crossings were converted into LHSs or road diversions were planned, the spokesman disclosed. In fact, since last couple of years, the number of casualties came down. In 2012-13, four persons died and efforts are onto ensure zero accidents at these crossings,” says the spokesperson. Limited Height Subways are being constructed every year at possible locations to make certain safe passage for road users. The number of collisions at level crossings between trains and road vehicles that end in death and injury. The chart also shows the number of people killed or injured in those collisions. This data is derived from the New Zealand Transport Agency’s crash analysis system, which holds records of police reported information. Based on rail occurrence reports provided by rail operators. These reports cover up a wide range of occurrences including both accidents (events that caused death, injury, or significant property harm) and incidents (events that placed, or could have placed someone or something at risk of death, injury or major property damage). Only a reasonably small number of reported occurrences result in injury. The less serious occurrences are useful for identifying potential safety issues.
Keywords- Limited Height Subway, Traffic Vehicle Unit, Design and Drawing, Launching, Traffic Block.
IIJ 9-04 : Analysis of Single Phase 11 level inverter for Different Modulation Techniques
AUTHORS : Paramjeet Kaur, Aparna Tiwari
ABSTRACT: This paper presents comparative analysis of various level shifted Pulse Width Modulation techniques. The output voltage of the inverter has been regulated using multi carrier Sine Pulse Width Modulation (SPWM). The bench mark for comparison of different modulation techniques is reduced Total Harmonic Distortion. A new modified cascaded H-bridge multilevel inverter is proposed in this paper whose performance is compared with the conventional cascaded H-bridge inverter. The multilevel inverter is designed is simulated in matlab simulink for single phase system and results are presented. The proposed MLI has very less THD as compare to the conventional one.
IIJ 9-05 :Damping Performance improvement of UPFC Controllers Using Validated Small-Signal Models
AUTHORS :Mr Arvind, Mr Waseem Ali,Mr Ashish Rai
ABSTRACT: Since this technique does not use model of the UPFC, the blunders coming about because of the blame interim model of the UPFC are maintained a strategic distance from. What’s more, the new system does not require proposing a selector to choose blame area as for the UPFC area. This strategy utilizes synchronous information accumulated from the two finishes of the transmission line and exploits the circulated parameter line show in time area. One quadratic condition is acquired, expecting that the blame is situated on the left-hand side of the UPFC. An equal self-energized acceptance generator (SEIG) speaks to the breeze cultivate and is associated with the framework through an arrangement repaid line. The UPFC is situated at the breeze terminal of the connecting line; therefore, the required responsive energy of SEIG is delivered by the shunt branch of UPFC. Both SSR sorts, to be specific generator impact and torsional association.
IIJ 9-06 :OPTIMIZATION OF PID CONTROLLER BY PSO TECHNIQUE IMPLEMENTED IN FACT(SVC) CONTROLLED TRANSMISSION LINES
AUTHORS : Arpit Agarwal, Santosh Tembhre, ASHISH RAI
ABSTRACT:The objective of pape is to analyze the implementation of PSO algorithm to Controller optimal tuning of Transmission line with SVC Fact device. The model of a transmission line with SVC has been developed. The comparative study is based on step response, time domain analysis and frequency domain analysis. First various classical tuning methods are discussed and implemented on transmission line model and their results are analyzed. Next optimal tuning methods of tuning using various Error Performance indices like IAE, ISE, ITAE and ISTE is applied to transmission model. Than PSO algorithm is utilized to optimize the parameters of the controller to obtain optimal performance for transmission line model. Using PSO for optimizing controller by obtaining optimal values of Kp, Ki, Kd parameters. The results obtained for PSO algorithm i s in time domain analysis and frequency domain analysis. MATLAB is used for all the calculation and analysis necessary for the paper.
Keywords: Static VAR Compensator (SVC), PID Controller, AVR, TCR, Voltage regulation, MATLAB Simulink